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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4786141, 4 pages
Case Report

Pertussis Reinfection in an Adult: A Cause of Persistent Cough Not to Be Ignored

1Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Larissa, 1 Tsakalof Street, 41221 Larissa, Greece
2George Papanikolaou General Hospital, Exochi, 57010 Thessaloniki, Greece
3Department of Internal Medicine, St. Josef Hospital, Robert-Koch-Straße 16, 42781 Haan, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Theocharis Koufakis

Received 12 April 2017; Revised 8 June 2017; Accepted 13 June 2017; Published 13 July 2017

Academic Editor: Julian Thomas

Copyright © 2017 Theocharis Koufakis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pertussis is traditionally considered as a disease of the childhood; however, accumulating evidence suggests a stable increase of its incidence among adults and adolescents, during the last decades. Despite the fact that reinfection after natural disease or vaccination is not uncommon, the index of clinical suspicion of pertussis diagnosis in adults remains low. In this article, we report a case of pertussis reinfection 30 years after natural infection, which was complicated by pneumonia, and we discuss our diagnostic and therapeutic approach, aiming to raise clinicians’ degree of suspicion regarding pertussis diagnosis in adults. Prompt recognition and appropriate therapy of adult patients can result in the effective control of the symptoms, prevention of severe complications, and spread of the infection to children; thus, they are of great clinical and public health importance.