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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2017, Article ID 5381072, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5381072
Case Report

Transmission of Donor-Derived Trypanosoma cruzi and Subsequent Development of Chagas Disease in a Lung Transplant Recipient

1Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, UW Med Centennial Building, 1685 Highland Ave., Madison, WI 53705, USA
3Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Section of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave., MC 3236, Madison, WI 53792, USA
4Parasitic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS A-06, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
5Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave., Madison, WI 53792, USA
6Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Microbial Sciences Building, 1550 Linden Dr., Madison, WI 53706, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to A. B. Corey; moc.liamg@7yerocanna

Received 20 June 2017; Accepted 12 July 2017; Published 21 August 2017

Academic Editor: Alexandre Rodrigues Marra

Copyright © 2017 A. B. Corey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Donor infection status should be considered when accepting an organ for transplant. Here we present a case of Chagas disease developing after a lung transplant where the donor was known to be Trypanosoma cruzi antibody positive. The recipient developed acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection with reactivation after treatment. Chagas disease-positive donors are likely to be encountered in the United States; donor targeted screening is needed to guide decisions regarding organ transplant and posttransplant monitoring.