Case Reports in Infectious Diseases / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Case Report

First Case of Pleural Empyema Caused by Staphylococcus simulans: Review of the Literature

Table 2

Staphylococcal speciesCommon virulence factorsClinical manifestations

S. aureus and S. simulansStaphylococcal enterotoxins (se)Gastrointestinal manifestations of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and enterocolitis.
Tissue necrosis cytotoxin Panton–Valentine leukocidin (pvl)Hospital-acquired pneumonia, infective endocarditis, and tissue necrosis
Methicillin-resistance gene (mecA)Major contributing factor for increase in new methicillin-resistant strains
Exfoliative toxins (eta, etb)Cutaneous manifestations of cellulitis
Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (tst)Septic shock and disseminated blood stream infections

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