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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2019, Article ID 1964161, 3 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1964161
Case Report

Pasteurella multocida Septic Shock: Case Report and Literature Review

1Department of Internal Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Head Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to A. Aljameely; moc.liamg@ylimajla.a.a

Received 26 January 2019; Revised 30 May 2019; Accepted 17 June 2019; Published 3 November 2019

Academic Editor: Gernot Walder

Copyright © 2019 A. Aljameely and G. Wali. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Pasteurella multocida is a small, Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacillus that inhabits the normal microbiota of the respiratory tract of several animals, especially cats and dogs. By infecting humans, a wide range of clinical pictures can evolve varying from mild local cellulitis to more severe systemic diseases (e.g., meningitis, pneumonia, endocarditis, and bacteremia). Septic shock is an uncommon complication of P. multocida infection, with less than 100 cases reported in the literature. It is frequently associated with cirrhotic and immunocompromised individuals and rarely immunocompetent ones. Here, we present a case of Pasteurella multocida septic shock in an elderly man secondary to leg cellulitis with a review of the relevant literature.