Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 735265, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/735265
Case Report

Purulent Meningitis as an Unusual Presentation of Staphylococcus aureus Endocarditis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University of Rome “Sapienza”, 00155 Rome, Italy

Received 10 October 2010; Revised 17 January 2011; Accepted 27 January 2011

Academic Editor: Niranjan Kissoon

Copyright © 2011 Giancarlo Ceccarelli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Y. Chang, “Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and endocarditis,” Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 63–68, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Angstwurm, E. Halle, K. Wetzel, J. Schultze, E. Schielke, and J. R. Weber, “Isolated bacterial meningitis as the key syndrome of infective endocarditis,” Infection, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 47–50, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. J. Kelly and S. Barnass, “Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis presenting as meningitis and mimicking meningococcal sepsis,” International Journal of Clinical Practice, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 306–307, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. O. M. Korzeniowski, “Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis in the 21st century,” Current Infectious Disease Reports, vol. 2, pp. 279–280, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Corral, P. Martín-Dávila, J. Fortún et al., “Trends in neurological complications of endocarditis,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 254, no. 9, pp. 1253–1259, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. S. C. Jorge, C. S. Medeiros, P. S. Scuracchio, J. E. Assef, A. S. Arnoni, and J. E. Sousa, “Meningitis and other neurological complications in infectious endocarditisMeningite e outras complicações neurológicas na endocardite infecciosa,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 379–383, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. C. Brouwer, G. D. Keizerweerd, J. de Gans, L. Spanjaard, and D. van de Beek, “Community acquired Staphylococcus aureus meningitis in adults,” Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 375–377, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. I. W. Fong and P. Ranalli, “Staphylococcus aureus meningitis,” Quarterly Journal of Medicine, vol. 53, no. 210, pp. 289–299, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. G. Jensen, F. Espersen, P. Skinhoj, V. T. Rosdahl, and N. Frimodt-Moller, “Staphylococcus aureus meningitis: a review of 104 nationwide, consecutive cases,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 153, no. 16, pp. 1902–1908, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. L. Røoder, D. A. Wandall, F. Espersen, N. Frimodt-Møoller, P. Skinhøoj, and V. T. Rosdahl, “Neurologic manifestations in Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis: a review of 260 bacteremic cases in nondrug addicts,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 379–386, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Bakshi, P. D. Wright, P. R. Kinkel et al., “Cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings in bacterial endocarditis: the neuroimaging spectrum of septic brain embolization demonstrated in twelve patients,” Journal of Neuroimaging, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 78–84, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. J. Anderson, L. B. Goldstein, W. E. Wilkinson et al., “Stroke location, characterization, severity, and outcome in mitral vs aortic valve endocarditis,” Neurology, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 1341–1346, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. E. Chukwudelunzu, R. D. Brown, E. F. M. Wijdicks, and J. M. Steckelberg, “Subarachnoid haemorrhage associated with infectious endocarditis: case report and literature review,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 423–427, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Heiro, J. Nikoskelainen, E. Engblom, E. Kotilainen, R. Marttila, and P. Kotilainen, “Neurologic manifestations of infective endocarditis: a 17-year experience in a teaching hospital in Finland,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 160, no. 18, pp. 2781–2787, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. O. Bademosi, A. O. Falase, F. Jaiyesimi, and A. Bademosi, “Neuropsychiatric manifestations of infective endocarditis: a study of 95 patients at Ibadan, Nigeria,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 325–329, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. V. Salgado, A. J. Furlan, T. F. Keys, T. R. Nichols, and G. J. Beck, “Neurologic complications of endocarditis: a 12-year experience,” Neurology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 173–178, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B. Le Cam, G. Guivarch, J. M. Boles, M. Garre, and F. Cartier, “Neurologic complications in a group of 86 bacterial endocarditis,” European Heart Journal, vol. 5, no. C, pp. 97–100, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. S. Bayer, J. S. Seidel, T. T. Yoshikawa, B. F. Anthony, and L. B. Guze, “Group D enterococcal meningitis. Clinical and therapeutic considerations with report of three cases and review of the literature,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 136, no. 8, pp. 883–886, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. W. Murray, C. U. Tuazon, and J. N. Sheagren, “Staphylococcal septicemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis mimicking meningococcemia,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 137, no. 7, pp. 844–847, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. E. Plaut, “Staphylococcal septicemia and pustular purpura. Report of cases,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 82–85, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. J. Mansheim, “Gonococcal endocarditis,” Southern Medical Journal, vol. 73, no. 12, pp. 1645–1646, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. S. Lin, R. L. Lee, C. M. Kuo, and L. C. Lee, “Positive culture of the Janeway lesion in acute bacterial endocarditis,” Taiwan Yi Xue Hui Za Zhi, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 99–102, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. H. Gunson and G. F. Oliver, “Osler's nodes and Janeway lesions,” Australasian Journal of Dermatology, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 251–255, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  24. T. J. Marrie, “Osler's nodes and Janeway lesions,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 121, no. 2, pp. 105–106, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  25. M. E. Silverman and C. B. Upshaw Jr., “Extracardiac manifestations of infective endocarditis and their historical descriptions,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 100, no. 12, pp. 1802–1807, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  26. C. M. Nolan and H. N. Beaty, “Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Current clinical patterns,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 495–500, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. V. G. Fowler Jr., J. Li, G. R. Corey et al., “Role of echocardiography in evaluation of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: experience in 103 patients,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1072–1078, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. V. Kern, “Management of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and endocarditis: progresses and challenges,” Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 346–358, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  29. C. Liu, A. Bayer, S. E. Cosgrove et al., “Clinical practice guidelines by the infectious diseases society of america for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in adults and children,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 52, pp. e18–e55, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  30. M. Wächtler, E. Strobel, U. Koch et al., “Native mitral valve endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis in a 22-year-old woman,” Infection, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 251–253, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. R. Pedersen, M. Walker, J. D. Olson et al., “Value of transesophageal echocardiography as an adjunct to transthoracic echocardiography in evaluation of native and prosthetic valve endocarditis,” Chest, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 351–356, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. V. Kini, S. Logani, B. Ky et al., “Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography for the indication of suspected infective endocarditis: vegetations, blood cultures and imaging,” Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 396–402, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  33. J. R. McDonald, “Acute infective endocarditis,” Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 643–664, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  34. S. Homma and C. Grahame-Clarke, “Toward reducing embolic complications from endocarditis,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 781–783, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. van Riet, E. E. Hill, O. Gheysens et al., “F-FDG PET/CT for early detection of embolism and metastatic infection in patients with infective endocarditis,” European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, vol. 37, pp. 1189–1197, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  36. J. Ebels, F. van Elst, M. Vanderveken et al., “Splenic abscess complicating infective endocarditis: three case reports,” Acta Chirurgica Belgica, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 720–723, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. Naito, H. Mitani, S. Ishiwata et al., “Infective endocarditis complicated with splenic abscess successfully treated with splenectomy followed by double valve replacement,” Journal of Cardiology Cases, vol. 2, pp. e20–e22, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Yoshikai, M. Kamachi, K. Kobayashi, J. Murayama, K. Kamohara, and N. Minematsu, “Splenic abscess associated with active infective endocarditis,” Japanese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 478–480, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus