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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 627415, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/627415
Case Report

Lithium-Associated Thyromegaly: An Unusual Cause of Airway Obstruction

Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, MA 01199, USA

Received 30 April 2012; Accepted 1 August 2012

Academic Editor: Arduino A. Mangoni

Copyright © 2012 Ashish Verma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Acute upper airway obstruction is a medical emergency and can be caused by many serious conditions such as a foreign body occluding the airway, intrinsic swelling (as in anaphylaxis), or extrinsic compression. Thyromegaly has rarely been reported as a source of airway compromise. We present a patient whose thyromegaly is presumed to have been induced by lithium and was massive enough to cause severe airway compromise.