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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 984512, 3 pages
Case Report

Diagnostic Aspects and Retinal Imaging in Ocular Toxocariasis: A Case Report from Italy

Department of Ophthalmology, “S. M. Goretti” Hospital, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Via G. Reni, 04100 Latina, Italy

Received 25 November 2011; Revised 4 January 2012; Accepted 24 January 2012

Academic Editor: Marco A. Zarbin

Copyright © 2012 Onelia Verallo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Toxocara canis is a nematode parasite, commonly found in dogs. This roundworm parasite can invade the eye, causing visual impairment. Toxocara should be considered as a possible causative agent of posterior and diffuse uveitis, and it could be considered in the differential diagnosis of retinoblastoma. Ocular manifestations vary from severe endophthalmitis to silent incidental findings on a routine examination. We report a case of ocular toxocariasis in a 24-year-old Asiatic female that presented to us complaining of visual impairment. Fundoscopic examination revealed a posterior pole granuloma and exudative retinal detachment along with exudates. Presentation, clinical findings, morphological changes, and treatment are discussed. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay serology for Toxocara canis was performed, demonstrating the positivity for IgG and IgE. Treatment with the antihelminthic albendazole was initiated. Fluorescein angiography (FA; HRA 2, Heidelberg engineering) and optical coherence tomography (OCT; Spectralis, Heidelberg tomography) were performed, and results have been reported.