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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 480476, 7 pages
Case Report

Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Temporal Bone: Three Cases and a Review of the Literature

1Department of Otolaryngology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing 210029, China
2Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China
3Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China

Received 10 October 2012; Revised 7 December 2012; Accepted 21 December 2012

Academic Editor: Peter S. Roland

Copyright © 2013 Huiqin Tian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Inflammatory pseudotumor (IP) is a clinically aggressive but histologically benign condition of unknown cause. Its appearance in the temporal bone is uncommon. We present clinical, radiological, and histopathologic findings of three cases originating in the temporal bone. In the first case, a simultaneous IP of the temporal bone and parotid gland was found with histopathologic confirmation. In the second case, an enlarged cervical node, which was also believed to be related to IP, was observed accompanied with the temporal lesion. While the third case presented with chronic suppurative otitis media. Two of them were treated by surgery alone with complete resolve of the diseases. Another one underwent tympanomastoidectomy in combination with oral steroids, radiation, and chemotherapy, but the IP still recurred. A comprehensive review of the literature on clinical features of the temporal pseudotumor was conducted.