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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 510259, 3 pages
Case Report

Spontaneous Massive Splenic Infarction in the Setting of Renal Transplant and Septic Shock: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1DeWitt-Daughtry Family, Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Ryder Trauma Center/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL 33136, USA
2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL 33136, USA

Received 3 July 2014; Revised 5 September 2014; Accepted 8 September 2014; Published 15 September 2014

Academic Editor: W. Zidek

Copyright © 2014 Christine L. Bokman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Massive splenic infarction (MSI) is a rare phenomenon that results from compromised blood flow to more than half of the spleen. Causes of MSI include hematological disorders, coagulopathies, infection, and embolization, and, rarely, MSI is spontaneous. The mainstay of treatment is splenectomy. We report the case of a 50-year-old man with a history of renal transplant who presented with diffuse abdominal pain and rapidly developed septic shock. A computed tomographic study (CT scan) of the abdomen demonstrated MSI. The surgical team was consulted for splenectomy but conservative management was maintained and immune function preserved. The patient’s clinical condition was resolved over a three-week period. This report demonstrates successful nonoperative management of a spontaneous MSI most likely secondary to hypoperfusion and a hypercoagulable state from both septic shock and renal transplant.