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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 734925, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/734925
Case Report

Actinomyces odontolyticus: Rare Etiology for Purulent Pericarditis

1Department of Internal Medicine, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX 76508, USA
2Department of Cardiology, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX 76508, USA
3Department of Pulmonary & Critical Care, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX 76508, USA

Received 3 October 2014; Accepted 1 December 2014; Published 15 December 2014

Academic Editor: Jagdish Butany

Copyright © 2014 Ryan Mack et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purulent pericarditis is one of the most common causes of cardiac tamponade and if left untreated has a mortality of 100%. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumonia have been implicated as the main etiology of purulent pericardial effusion followed by fungi and anaerobic sources. Actinomyces odontolyticus pericardial involvement has been reported in the literature only once. To our knowledge, this is the first fatal case of A. odontolyticus purulent pericarditis in the absence of periodontal disease.