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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 150204, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/150204
Case Report

Acute Renal Failure Induced by Chinese Herbal Medication in Nigeria

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo 520271, Nigeria

Received 9 May 2015; Revised 11 June 2015; Accepted 14 June 2015

Academic Editor: Florian Thalhammer

Copyright © 2015 Effiong Ekong Akpan and Udeme E. Ekrikpo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Traditional herbal medicine is a global phenomenon especially in the resource poor economy where only the very rich can access orthodox care. These herbal products are associated with complications such as acute renal failure and liver damage with a high incidence of mortalities and morbidities. Acute renal failure from the use of herbal remedies is said to account for about 30–35% of all cases of acute renal failure in Africa. Most of the herbal medications are not usually identified, but some common preparation often used in Nigeria includes “holy water” green water leaves, bark of Mangifera indica (mango), shoot of Anacardium occidentale (cashew), Carica papaya (paw-paw) leaves, lime water, Solanum erianthum (Potato tree), and Azadirachta indica (Neem) trees. We report a rare case of a young man who developed acute renal failure two days after ingestion of Chinese herb for “body cleansing” and general wellbeing. He had 4 sessions of haemodialysis and recovered kidney function fully after 18 days of admission.