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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 6206358, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6206358
Case Report

Central Venous Catheter-Related Tachycardia in the Newborn: Case Report and Literature Review

Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, University of Otago, Dunedin School of Medicine, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand

Received 28 August 2016; Accepted 15 November 2016

Academic Editor: Frans J. Walther

Copyright © 2016 Aya Amer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Central venous access is an important aspect of neonatal intensive care management. Malpositioned central catheters have been reported to induce cardiac tachyarrhythmia in adult populations and there are case reports within the neonatal population. We present a case of a preterm neonate with a preexisting umbilical venous catheter (UVC), who then developed a supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). This was initially treated with intravenous adenosine with transient reversion. Catheter migration was subsequently detected, with the UVC tip located within the heart. Upon withdrawal of the UVC and a final dose of adenosine, the arrhythmia permanently resolved. Our literature review confirms that tachyarrhythmia is a rare but recognised neonatal complication of malpositioned central venous catheters. We recommend the immediate investigation of central catheter position when managing neonatal tachyarrhythmia, as catheter repositioning is an essential aspect of management.