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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 8795765, 5 pages
Case Report

Case Report of Nonfamilial Cherubism in a Toddler: Description of Clinic-Radiographic Features and Osseous-Dental Treatments

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University Isfahan, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran

Received 30 July 2016; Accepted 15 November 2016

Academic Editor: Indraneel Bhattacharyya

Copyright © 2016 Mitra Karbasi Kheir. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cherubism is a rare familial disease that occurs between the ages two and five years and regresses after puberty. Most of the cherubism cases show familial history, but there are some cases without familial histories of disorder. A two-year-old boy with a painless symmetrical progressive swelling of the jaws had visited maxillofacial radiology department. Panoramic radiograph revealed well-defined multilocular, radiolucent areas of both jaws. Computed tomography of the jaws showed well-defined, bilateral, multilocular, expansile lesions with thinning of cortical plate of maxilla and mandible and displacing the unerupted first molar anteriorly. Clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic characteristics confirmed the diagnosis of cherubism.