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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 7929671, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7929671
Case Report

Bacteremia and Urinary Tract Infection Caused by Chromobacterium violaceum: Case Reports from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal

1Department of Microbiology, Grande International Hospital, Dhapasi, Kathmandu, Nepal
2Department of Critical Care Medicine, Grande International Hospital, Dhapasi, Kathmandu, Nepal
3Department of Microbiology, GoldenGate International College, Battisputali, Kathmandu, Nepal
4Forum for Health Research and Development, Dharan, Nepal
5Department of Pathology, Grande International Hospital, Dhapasi, Kathmandu, Nepal
6Department of Microbiology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

Correspondence should be addressed to Narayan Dutt Pant; moc.liamg@7891tnapdn

Received 13 January 2017; Accepted 30 March 2017; Published 5 April 2017

Academic Editor: John Kortbeek

Copyright © 2017 Narayan Dutt Pant et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chromobacterium violaceum is ubiquitous in the environment of tropical and subtropical regions but the infections caused by this organism are rare and the urinary tract infections caused by it are even rarer. Due to the propensity for hematogenous spread leading to fatal sepsis, the infections caused by Chromobacterium violaceum have high mortality rate (65–80%) with death occurring in as less as one week of acquiring infection. So, prompt proper treatment is necessary for successful treatment of the infections but, due to the rarity of the infections caused by the organism, there is limited awareness among the clinicians regarding the infections caused by this organism. Here, we reported a case of urinary tract infection caused by Chromobacterium violaceum in a 84-year-old male, who was a kidney patient, and another case of bacteremia caused by the same bacterium in a road traffic accident patient (22-year-old male), both of which were managed with the timely suitable treatment.