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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 8327215, 5 pages
Case Report

An Exceptional Case of Intraparotid Plexiform Neurofibroma Originating from Autonomic Fibers of the Auriculotemporal Nerve

11st Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA Hospital, 1 Stilponos Kyriakidi St., 54636 Thessaloniki, Greece
2Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
3Department of Radiology, AHEPA Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 1 Stilponos Kyriakidi St., 54636 Thessaloniki, Greece

Correspondence should be addressed to Konstantinos Markou; rg.htua.dem@uokramk

Received 7 December 2016; Accepted 9 May 2017; Published 29 May 2017

Academic Editor: Gottfried J. Locker

Copyright © 2017 Sarantis Blioskas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Plexiform neurofibromas are benign tumors that tend to occur in patients suffering from neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). This report addresses a rare case where the tumor affected the parotid gland, deriving almost exclusively from the peripheral portion of the facial nerve. A 6-year-old male was referred to us complaining about a gradually enlarging swelling over the right parotid area. Imaging localized the lesion to the superficial lobe of the parotid gland, suggesting a neurofibroma. Cosmetic disfigurement and a functional deficit led us to perform complete surgical resection. Meticulous surgical dissection as well as auriculotemporal nerve origin made complete extirpation possible with almost zero morbidity and ensured alleviation of both aesthetic impairment and pain. This is the first case of an intraparotid PN in a pediatric NF-1 patient, which originated from branches of the auriculotemporal nerve and particularly from fibers of the autonomic nervous system. Radical surgical excision was decided according to established decision-making algorithms.