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Case Reports in Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 5686790, 4 pages
Case Report

Refractory Ventricle Arrhythmias Alternating with Pulseless Electrical Activity in a Young Woman Rescued by Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

12nd Department of Medicine–Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, General University Hospital in Prague, U Nemocnice 2, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic
2Emergency Medical Service Prague, Korunni 98, 101 00 Prague 10, Czech Republic
3Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic

Correspondence should be addressed to Jan Bělohlávek; zc.nfv@olebj

Received 26 July 2017; Revised 18 November 2017; Accepted 14 December 2017; Published 14 January 2018

Academic Editor: Michael S. Firstenberg

Copyright © 2018 Ilona Lálová et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is a challenging approach for treating refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Case Presentation. The authors describe a case of a 40-year-old Caucasian female who suffered from refractory OHCA, was admitted to a hospital while receiving ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and was connected to venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 73 minutes after collapse. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias alternating with pulseless electrical activity resolved after eight hours. Following complete cardiac and neurological recovery, only adenoviral genome was found in myocardial biopsy. After 11 months, another episode of identical arrhythmias was rescued by an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Conclusion. Adequate prehospital and early hospital logistics is a prerequisite for successfully implementing extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory OHCA.