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Case Reports in Nephrology
Volume 2011, Article ID 724950, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/724950
Case Report

Cerebral Sinovenous Thrombosis in a Child with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome

1Pediatric Department, Fattouma Bourguiba Hospital, Monastir 5000, Tunisia
2Hematology Laboratory, Fattouma Bourguiba Hospital, Monastir 5000, Tunisia

Received 6 August 2011; Accepted 12 September 2011

Academic Editors: A. L. de Francisco and A. Losito

Copyright © 2011 L. Ghedira Besbes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a renal disorder characterized by heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuninemia, edema and hypercholesterolemia. Nephrotic syndrome in children is known to be associated with an hypercoagulable state and thromboembolic complications. However cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is very rare. Here we report a seven-year-old child with steroid-dependent idopathic nephrotic syndrome resulting from a minimal change disease, developed multiple cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, presenting with headache, left sixth nerve palsy, and papilledema. The diagnosis of CSVT was established by cranial computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic resonance angiography. He gradually recovered after anticoagulant therapy. CSVT is very rare in nephrotic children. The diagnosis of CSVT should be considered in any patient with nephrotic syndrome who develops neurologic symptoms. This report highlights the importance of suspecting and recognizing this potentially life threatening complication and initiating early treatment.