Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 872127, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/872127
Case Report

Good Functional Outcome after Prolonged Postanoxic Comatose Myoclonic Status Epilepticus in a Patient Who Had Undergone Bone Marrow Transplantation

1Centro di Fisiopatologia del Sonno, DINOGMI, Università di Genova, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 16132 Genova, Italy
2U.O. Anestesia e Rianimazione, DIPEA, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 16132 Genova, Italy
3U.O. Neurofisiopatologia, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 16132 Genova, Italy

Received 16 September 2013; Accepted 22 October 2013

Academic Editors: I. L. Simone and M. Swash

Copyright © 2013 Jennifer Accardo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Krumholz, B. J. Stern, and H. D. Weiss, “Outcome from coma after cardiopulmonary resuscitation: relation to seizures and myoclonus,” Neurology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 401–405, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. G. Celesia, M. M. Grigg, and E. Ross, “Generalized status myoclonicus in acute anoxic and toxic-metabolic encephalopathies,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 781–784, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. B. Young, J. J. Gilbert, and D. W. Zochodne, “The significance of myoclonic status epilepticus in postanoxic coma,” Neurology, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 1843–1848, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. F. M. Wijdicks, J. E. Parisi, and F. W. Sharbrough, “Prognostic value of myoclonus status in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 239–243, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. O. Rossetti, M. Oddo, L. Liaudet, and P. W. Kaplan, “Predictors of awakening from postanoxic status epilepticus after therapeutic hypothermia,” Neurology, vol. 72, no. 8, pp. 744–749, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. O. Rossetti, M. Oddo, G. Logroscino, and P. W. Kaplan, “Prognostication after cardiac arrest and hypothermia: a prospective study,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 301–307, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. M. Lucas, M. N. Cocchi, J. Salciccioli et al., “Neurologic recovery after therapeutic hypothermia in patients with post-cardiac arrest myoclonus,” Resuscitation, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 265–269, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. R. Morris, R. S. Howard, and P. Brown, “Early myoclonic status and outcome after cardiorespiratory arrest,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 267–268, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. A. English, N. J. Giffin, and J. P. Nolan, “Myoclonus after cardiac arrest: pitfalls in diagnosis and prognosis,” Anaesthesia, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 908–911, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Datta, G. K. Hart, H. Opdam, G. Gutteridge, and J. Archer, “Post-hypoxic myoclonic status: the prognosis is not always hopeless,” Critical Care and Resuscitation, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 39–41, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Yadavmali and A. S. Lane, “The Lance-Adams syndrome: helpful or just hopeful, after cardiopulmonary arrest,” Journal of the Intensive Care Society, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 324–328, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. H. Shin, J. M. Park, A. R. Kim et al., “Lance-Adams syndrome,” Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 561–564, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. B. F. Shneker and N. B. Fountain, “Assessment of acute morbidity and mortality in nonconvulsive status epilepticus,” Neurology, vol. 61, no. 8, pp. 1066–1073, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Sutter, P. Kaplan, and S. Rüegg, “Outcome predictors for status epilepticus—what really counts,” Nature Reviews Neurology, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 525–534, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Bauer and E. Trinka, “Nonconvulsive status epilepticus and coma,” Epilepsia, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 177–190, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. L. Fernández-Torre, M. Rebollo, A. Gutiérrez, F. López-Espadas, and M. A. Hernández-Hernández, “Nonconvulsive status epilepticus in adults: electroclinical differences between proper and comatose forms,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 244–251, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  17. P. W. Kaplan, “EEG criteria for nonconvulsive status epilepticus,” Epilepsia, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 39–41, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. E. Hocker, J. W. Britton, J. N. Mandrekar, E. F. Wijdicks, and A. A. Rabinstein, “Predictors of outcome in refractory status epilepticus,” JAMA Neurology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. O. Rossetti and G. Logroscino, “In-hospital mortality of generalized convulsive status epilepticus: a large us sample,” Neurology, vol. 70, no. 20, pp. 1939–1940, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Z. Crepeau, A. A. Rabinstein, J. E. Fugate et al., “Continuous EEG in therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest: prognostic and clinical value,” Neurology, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 339–344, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Mlynash, D. M. Campbell, E. M. Leproust et al., “Temporal and spatial profile of brain diffusion-weighted MRI after cardiac arrest,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1665–1672, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Kim, B. S. Choi, K. Kim et al., “Prognostic performance of diffusion-weighted MRI combined with NSE in comatose cardiac arrest survivors treated with mild hypothermia,” Neurocritical Care, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 412–420, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. Sreedharan, E. Gourlay, M. R. Evans, and M. Koutroumanidis, “Falsely pessimistic prognosis by EEG in post-anoxic coma after cardiac arrest: the borderland of nonconvulsive status epilepticus,” Epileptic Disorders, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 340–344, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. N. A. Blondin and D. M. Greer, “Neurologic prognosis in cardiac arrest patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia,” Neurologist, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 241–248, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. Benson and G. B. Young, “EEG monitoring after cardiac arrest—the cold facts,” Neurology, vol. 80, no. 4, article 343, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar