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Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 251381, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/251381
Case Report

Placenta Percreta Invading Broad Ligament and Parametrium in a Woman with Two Previous Cesarean Sections: A Case Report

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Pathology, Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Received 19 June 2012; Accepted 16 September 2012

Academic Editors: B. Coroleu and O. Picone

Copyright © 2012 Mansoureh Vahdat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The incidence of placenta accreta has dramatically increased due to increasing caesarean section rate all over the world. Placenta percreta is the most severe form of placenta accretes. It frequently results in maternal morbidity and mortality mainly caused by massive obstetric hemorrhage or emergency hysterectomy. Percreta invading into the broad ligament has rarely been previously reported. Case presenting. We presented a case of placenta percreta invading left broad ligament and parametrium in a woman with two previous cesarean sections, which led to massive intraoperative hemorrhage during hysterectomy and transient ischemic encephalopathy. Conclusion. In cases of parametrial involvement, it would be more difficult to decide whether to remove placenta or leave it in site. In surgical removal neither local excision of placental bed and uterine repair nor traditional hysterectomy is adequate if parametrium invaded by placenta. We suggest delayed elective hysterectomy in such cases. So, pregnancy-induced pelvic congestion would be decreased, we can gather an expert team of gynecologists, urologists, and vascular surgeons, we could get plenty of blood products, and we may have the chance to administer methotrexate.