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Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 195036, 4 pages
Case Report

Uterine Balloon Tamponade in Combination with Topical Administration of Tranexamic Acid for Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amagasaki Co-Op Hospital, 12-16-1 Minamimukonoso, Amagasaki, Hyogo Prefecture 661-0033, Japan
2Shimizu Women’s Clinic, 2-2-4 Minamiguchi, Takarazuka, Hyogo Prefecture 665-0011, Japan

Received 16 January 2015; Revised 2 March 2015; Accepted 5 March 2015

Academic Editor: Svein Rasmussen

Copyright © 2015 Masato Kinugasa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


While uterine balloon tamponade is an effective modality for control of postpartum hemorrhage, the reported success rates have ranged from the level of 60% to the level of 80%. In unsuccessful cases, more invasive interventions are needed, including hysterectomy as a last resort. We developed a modified tamponade method and applied it to two cases of refractory postpartum hemorrhage after vaginal delivery. The first case was accompanied by uterine myoma and low-lying placenta. After an induced delivery, the patient had excessive hemorrhage due to uterine atony. Despite oxytocin infusion and bimanual uterine compression, the total blood loss was estimated at 2,800 mL or more. The second case was diagnosed as placental abruption complicated by fetal death and severe disseminated intravascular coagulation, subsequently. A profuse hemorrhage continued despite administration of uterotonics, fluid, and blood transfusion. The total blood loss was more than 5,000 mL. In each case, an intrauterine balloon catheter was wrapped in gauze impregnated with tranexamic acid, inserted into the uterus, and inflated sufficiently with sterile water. In this way, mechanical compression by a balloon and a topical antifibrinolytic agent were combined together. This method brought complete hemostasis and no further treatments were needed. Both the women left hospital in stable condition.