Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Case Report

Sonographic Demonstration of Intracranial Hemorrhage in a Fetus with Hydrops Fetalis due to Rh Alloimmunization after Intrauterine Intravascular Transfusion: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Table 1

Summary of the reported fetal intracranial hemorrhage cases related to intrauterine transfusion due to Rh alloimmunization.

AuthorsCase numberMaternal ageGestational agePretransfusion hemoglobin value (g/dl)Pretransfusion platelet value (/μl)Neurosonogram after the first intrauterine transfusionOutcome

Ghi et al. 2004Case 130201.2168000Intraventricular and cerebellar hemorrhageTermination of pregnancy. Pathological confirmation of cerebellar hemorrhage
Case 225231.6177000Cerebellar hemorrhageProgressive hypoplasia of one cerebellar hemisphere. Delivery at 34 weeks after six IUTs. Normal neurological development at 2 years

Simonazzi et al. 2016Case 332224-Suspicious cerebellar infarctionHemosiderin staining in the cerebellum bilaterally, reflecting prior hemorrhage in postnatal brain MRI. Normal neurological development at 14 months

Current studyCase 434282.9154000Echogenic collection in the right lateral ventricle and extending to the surrounding cerebral parenchyma compatible with grade IV intraventricular hemorrhageDiffuse echogenicity extending from the inferior left caudate nucleus to the left ventricle that leads left ventricular dilatation (intraventricular grade IV hemorrhage). Normal neurological development at 6 months