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Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 345018, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/345018
Case Report

A Literature Review and Case Report of Metastatic Pure Choriocarcinoma

Division of Surgery, Lyell McEwin Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia

Received 30 June 2015; Accepted 10 November 2015

Academic Editor: Jeanine M. Buchanich

Copyright © 2015 Diwei Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In 2012, testicular cancer was estimated to account for 940 disability adjusted life years in Australia; of these, 450 were years lost due to premature death and 500 were years of healthy life lost due to disease, disability, or injury (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and Australasian Association of Cancer Registries, 2012). Testicular choriocarcinoma is one of the rarest variants of testicular germ cell tumours, accounting for less than 1% of testicular germ cell tumours and only about 0.19% of all testicular tumours. Management involves radical orchidectomy and chemotherapy. Even then, prognosis is poor. This case report describes a 20-year-old male with pure testicular choriocarcinoma with pulmonary metastases which showed sustained and complete response to adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin.