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Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 924937, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/924937
Case Report

Unilateral Open-Angle Glaucoma Associated with the Ipsilateral Nevus of Ota

1Glaucoma Services, Eye Clinic, Zvezdara University Medical Center, 161 Dimitrija Tucovica Street, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2Department of Ophthalmology, Health Center “Palilula”, 16 Knez Danilova Street, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia

Received 11 January 2013; Accepted 19 March 2013

Academic Editors: S.-J. Chen, C.-Y. Cheng, C.-k. Joo, and M. Luechtenberg

Copyright © 2013 Lidija Magarasevic and Zihret Abazi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The nevus of Ota also known as “congenital melanosis bulbi” and “oculodermal melanocytosis” is a blue-gray hyperpigmentation that occurs on the face and eyes. The sclera is involved in two-thirds of cases (causing an increased risk of glaucoma). Women are nearly five times more likely to be affected than men. It is rare among Caucasian people. The nevus of Ota is congenital or acquired. Most cases of the nevus of Ota are unilateral (90%), although pigmentation is present bilaterally in 5%–10%. Ocular abnormalities included pigmentation of the sclera, cornea, retina, and optic disc and cavernous hemangiomas of the optic disc, elevated intraocular pressure, glaucoma, and ocular melanoma. We reported an appearance of unilateral glaucoma in a Caucasian female patient with the acquired, ipsilateral nevus of Ota.