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Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 312030, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/312030
Case Report

Unilateral Cataract and Vitreoretinopathy in a Case with Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome

1Clinic of Ophthalmology, Erzurum Training and Research Hospital, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
2Clinic of Ophthalmology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, 34752 Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
4Department of Medical Genetics, Erzurum Training and Research Hospital, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
5Department of Radiology, Erzurum Training and Research Hospital, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey

Received 23 April 2014; Accepted 29 May 2014; Published 16 June 2014

Academic Editor: Michele Iester

Copyright © 2014 Osman Okan Olcaysu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. We present a case with Klippel-Trenaunay (KT) syndrome that had unilateral mature cataract and vitreoretinopathy. Case Report. A 17-year-old boy with KT syndrome presented to the clinic of ophthalmology for low vision in the right eye. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was hand motion in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. Anterior segment examination revealed mature cataract in the right. During the physical examination, port-wine stains were noted over right side of his face, ankle, and toes. He had asymmetric face and his head was larger on the right side. Leg lengths were symmetrical, although he had skin hypertrophy. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging studies showed cortical atrophy discordant to his age, asymmetric vascular dilatations in the right hemisphere, hypertrophy in the right periorbital soft tissue, and choroidal plexus. The patient received an uncomplicated cataract surgery. His BCVA in the right eye improved to 20/200 after the surgery. After removing cataractous lens, we were able to examine the fundus that revealed severe vitreoretinopathy and choroidal hemangioma. Conclusion. This case emphasizes the importance of prompt ophthalmic examination in patients with KT syndrome.