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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2013, Article ID 539740, 4 pages
Case Report

Could Ossification of the Achilles Tendon Have a Hereditary Component?

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Saint Georges University Medical Center, Balamand University, P.O. Box 166378, Achrafieh, Beirut 1100 2807, Lebanon
2Department of Diagnostic Radiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, P.O. Box 110236, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon

Received 17 February 2013; Accepted 12 April 2013

Academic Editors: S. A. Papadakis and T. Tsurumoto

Copyright © 2013 Chawki Cortbaoui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ossification of the Achilles tendon (OTA) is an unusual clinical condition. It is characterized by the presence of an ossified mass within the fibrocartilaginous substance of the Achilles tendon. The etiology of the ossification of the Achilles tendon is unknown. Review of the literature suggests that its etiology is multifactorial. The major contributing factors are trauma and surgery with other minor causes such as systemic diseases, metabolic conditions, and infections. To our knowledge, no previous reports suggest any genetic/hereditary predisposition in OAT. We report 3 siblings who have OAT with no history of any of the aforementioned predisposing factors. Could OAT have a hereditary component as one of its etiologies?