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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 137273, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/137273
Case Report

Multifocal Osteonecrosis Secondary to Chronic Alcohol Ingestion

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, Gifu 501-1194, Japan

Received 18 August 2015; Revised 18 October 2015; Accepted 26 October 2015

Academic Editor: Paul E. Di Cesare

Copyright © 2015 Kazu Matsumoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Multifocal osteonecrosis is a relatively rare disorder with an estimated incidence of around 3% among patients diagnosed as having osteonecrosis. Multifocal osteonecrosis is caused by the several conditions including corticosteroid treatment, coagulation disorders, connective tissue disorders including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inflammatory bowel disease, renal transplantation, and underlying malignancies. Alcohol abuse is one of the risk factors for osteonecrosis, and alcohol-induced osteonecrosis is 5% among all the osteonecrosis. Furthermore, the overall incidence of alcohol-induced multifocal osteonecrosis was approximately 6% among all the osteonecrosis induced by the alcohol. Therefore, here, we report an extremely rare case of alcohol-induced multifocal osteonecrosis involving three joints (two knees and one hip) and review the related literature.