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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2016, Article ID 8705204, 5 pages
Case Report

A Rare Case of Pheohyphomycotic Lumbar Spondylodiscitis Mistreated as Koch’s Spine

1Department of Orthopaedics and Spine Surgery, Zydus Hospitals and Healthcare Research Pvt. Ltd., Thaltej, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2Dr. Harshal Thaker’s Clinic, Ambawadi, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Received 7 November 2016; Revised 17 November 2016; Accepted 29 November 2016

Academic Editor: Mark K. Lyons

Copyright © 2016 Shakti A. Goel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pheohyphomycosis is an uncommon infection and its association in spondylodiscitis has not yet been reported. The purpose of this case report is to describe a rare case of Pheohyphomycotic spondylodiscitis and methods to diagnose and manage the patient with less invasive techniques. A 29-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with complaints of gradually increasing low back pain with bilateral lower limbs radicular pain since one and a half years. He had associated fever, weight loss, voice changes, and dry, scaly, erythematous skin with elevated ESR. The patient had been taking anti-Koch’s therapy since 1 year with little relief in pain and no radiological improvement. Percutaneous pedicle biopsy of L4 vertebra was taken under local anaesthesia and confirmed Pheohyphomycosis which was treated with antifungal medications. The patient showed sequential improvement with long term antifungal treatment. He was eventually able to walk independently without support.