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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2017, Article ID 3025084, 4 pages
Case Report

Atypical Lipomatous Tumor/Well-Differentiated Liposarcoma Developed in a Patient with Progressive Muscular Dystrophy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan
2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan
3Department of Orthopedics, National Hospital Organization Tokushima Hospital, Tokushima, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Toshihiko Nishisho;

Received 20 February 2017; Accepted 13 April 2017; Published 29 May 2017

Academic Editor: Vivek Subbiah

Copyright © 2017 Ryo Miyagi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDLS) is an intermediate or locally aggressive form of adipocytic soft tissue sarcoma. Muscular dystrophy (MD) is characterized by progressive muscle atrophy and its replacement by adipose and fibrous tissue. Recently, some authors have reported that MD genes are related to neoplastic formation, but there have been no detailed clinical reports of ALT associated with MD. Case Presentation. A 73-year-old woman with a diagnosis of limb-girdle MD visited our department for recurrence of a huge tumor in her left thigh. She had undergone resection of a lipoma at the same site more than 20 years earlier. Imaging studies revealed a lipomatous tumor in her left thigh. We performed marginal resection including the adjacent muscles. Histological diagnosis was atypical lipomatous tumor. The postoperative course was uneventful, with no recurrence at 36 months of follow-up. Conclusion. We encountered a huge atypical tumor in a patient with MD. This is the first detailed report to describe an association between ALT and MD. We hypothesize that degenerative changes occurring in adipose tissue during muscle atrophy can cause lipomatous neoplasms and moreover that the mutation of MD-related genes may lead to the proliferation of tumor cells or to malignancy.