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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2012, Article ID 329536, 2 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/329536
Case Report

Facial Baroparesis Caused by Scuba Diving

1Division of Otolaryngology, Japan Self Defense Force Hospital Kure, Hiroshima 737-0027, Japan
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, National Defense Medical College, Saitama 359-8513, Japan

Received 9 November 2011; Accepted 1 December 2011

Academic Editors: A. Casani, P. A. Fagan, M. Paparella, N. Perez, and H. Sudhoff

Copyright © 2012 Daisuke Kamide et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Middle ear barotrauma is one of the common complications of SCUBA diving representing acute otalgia, hearing loss, and bleeding. But occurrence of facial palsy is rare. Here we report a case of a 30-year-old navy diver suffered middle ear barotrauma with transient facial palsy after SCUBA diving. He felt difficulty in equalizing the pressure in middle ear with Valsalva maneuver during diving, and suffered right facial palsy and aural fullness after diving. Clinical examination showed remarkable bulging of the right tympanic membrane and right facial palsy without other neurological findings. But facial palsy was disappeared immediately after myringotomy. We considered that the etiology of this case was neuropraxia of facial nerve in middle ear caused by over pressure of middle ear.