Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2014, Article ID 368590, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/368590
Case Report

T-Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma in a Child Presenting as Rapid Thyroid Enlargement

1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Children’s Medical Center, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8501, Japan
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8524, Japan

Received 24 May 2014; Revised 17 July 2014; Accepted 18 July 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Abrão Rapoport

Copyright © 2014 Shintaro Yoshihara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. K. Marwaha and J. Pritchard, “Primary thyroid lymphoma in childhood: treatment with chemotherapy alone,” Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 383–388, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  2. Y. Hwang, T. Y. Kim, W. B. Kim et al., “Clinical characteristics of primary thyroid lymphoma in Koreans,” Endocrine Journal, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 399–405, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. Aozasa, A. Inoue, K. Tajima, A. Miyauchi, F. Matsuzuka, and K. Kuma, “Malignant lymphomas of the thyroid gland: Analysis of 79 patients with emphasis on histologic prognostic factors,” Cancer, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 100–104, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Fiorillo, R. Migliorati, M. Fiore, M. Caldore, G. Menna, and L. Celentano, “Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in childhood presenting as thyroid enlargement,” Clinical Pediatrics, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 152–154, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. C. Weisberger and D. D. Davidson, “Unusual presentations of lymphoma of the head and neck in childhood,” The Laryngoscope, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 337–342, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Aziz Belal, A. Allam, A. Kandil et al., “Primary thyroid lymphoma: a retrospective analysis of prognostic factors and treatment outcome for localized intermediate and high grade lymphoma,” American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 299–305, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Akata, O. Akhan, C. Akyüz, M. N. Özmen, and B. Yalcin, “Involvement of the thyroid and the salivary glands in childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphomas at initial diagnosis,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 228–231, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Iqbal, R. Al-Sudairy, M. F. Abdullah, A. Al-Omari, and S. Crankson, “Non-Hodgkin lymphoma manifesting as thyroid nodules and cardiac involvement,” Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 987–988, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Burkhardt, “Paediatric lymphoblastic T-cell leukaemia and lymphoma: one or two diseases?” British Journal of Haematology, vol. 149, no. 5, pp. 653–668, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Coustan-Smith, J. T. Sandlund, S. L. Perkins et al., “Minimal disseminated disease in childhood T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 27, no. 21, pp. 3533–3539, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. B. Murphy, “Classification, staging and end results of treatment of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphomas: dissimilarities from lymphomas in adults,” Seminars in Oncology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 332–339, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. H. Swerdlow, E. Campo, N. L. Harris et al., WHO Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues, IARC Press, 4th edition, 2008.
  13. N. K. Chadha and V. Forte, “Pediatric head and neck malignancies,” Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 471–476, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. A. Thomas, S. O'Brien, J. Cortes et al., “Outcome with the hyper-CVAD regimens in lymphoblastic lymphoma,” Blood, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 1624–1630, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Reiter, M. Schrappe, R. Parwaresch et al., “Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of childhood and adolescence: results of a treatment stratified for biologic subtypes and stage—a report of the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster group,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 359–372, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus