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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2014, Article ID 569026, 5 pages
Case Report

Agenesis of Submandibular Glands: A Report of Two Cases with Review of Literature

1Department of Otolaryngology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Medical Hospital, Canakkale, Turkey
2Department of Radiology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Medical Hospital, Canakkale, Turkey

Received 20 May 2014; Revised 16 August 2014; Accepted 22 August 2014; Published 1 September 2014

Academic Editor: Kenichi Takano

Copyright © 2014 Medine Kara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Congenital absence of the submandibular gland (SMG) is a rare condition. Although complaints such as dry mouth, dental problems, or difficulty in swallowing may be seen, the subjects may also be asymptomatic. The absence of the SMG may be associated with hypertrophy of the contralateral SMG. Case Report. We report the case of a 44-year-old woman with incidentally detected left SMG aplasia, with contralateral SMG hypertrophy mimicking a mass, and the case of a 46-year-old woman with incidentally detected bilateral SMG aplasia, demonstrated by computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Conclusion. It is important for the clinician to know that this very rare abnormality may exist. When such a case is encountered, symptoms and findings should be reevaluated and, if necessary, conservative therapy should be initiated. The possibility of observing additional deformities should be kept in mind and an evaluation should be done for other cases in the family.