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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4592783, 5 pages
Case Report

Thyroid Carcinoma on the Side of the Absent Lobe in a Patient with Thyroid Hemiagenesis

1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
2Department of Pathology, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
3Department of Molecular Pathology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Hiroki Sato

Received 27 June 2017; Accepted 16 October 2017; Published 27 November 2017

Academic Editor: Gianluca Donatini

Copyright © 2017 Hiroki Sato et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Thyroid carcinoma complicated by hemiagenesis is very rare, and previous reports have not described this cancer on the side of the absent lobe. Methods and Results. We report the case of a 64-year-old woman in whom left thyroid hemiagenesis was discovered incidentally during investigations of abnormal sensation during swallowing. A tumorous 1.4 cm lesion was also found on the side of the absent lobe, left of the isthmus. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy revealed class V papillary carcinoma, but no lymph node metastases. Total thyroidectomy was performed for stage cT1bN0M0 carcinoma. Histopathology revealed normal thyroid tissues in the right lobe and isthmus, while the left lobe was absent. The mostly papillary carcinoma was adjacent to the truncated thyroid tissue, with a portion histologically consistent with poorly differentiated carcinoma. Conclusions. All previously reported cases of thyroid cancer complicated by hemiagenesis have represented carcinoma occurring within the present lobe. This case is extremely rare.