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Case Reports in Pathology
Volume 2016, Article ID 8256745, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8256745
Case Report

Adenomatous Polyps in Adolescent Girl and Boy: A Report of Two Cases

1Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3Infectious Diseases Research Center with Focus on Nosocomial Infection, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Received 16 July 2016; Revised 17 September 2016; Accepted 26 September 2016

Academic Editor: Mark Li-cheng Wu

Copyright © 2016 Laleh Vahedi Larijani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A polyp is defined as a mass of the mucosal surface that protrudes into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. Neoplastic epithelial polyps are classified histologically as either benign adenoma or malignant carcinoma. The colonic polyps that most commonly present in children occur sporadically and individually and are of the juvenile type; they are most frequently associated with painless rectal hemorrhage (which is the most common symptom). Adenomatous polyps are similar to other nontumoral polyps, and it is very rare for children to have symptoms other than rectal bleeding. This report describes two rare cases of polyps in pediatric patients. An 11-year-old girl presented with tubulovillous adenoma and a 13-year-old boy with tubular adenoma; both patients complained of rectal hemorrhage as well as anemia and abdominal pain. Epithelial adenoma is a tumor that is rarely found in adults or children. Colonoscopic perforation and biopsy are mandatory for establishing a definitive diagnosis and avoiding medical mismanagement.