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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 254089, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/254089
Case Report

A Neonate with Subcutaneous Fat Necrosis after Passive Cooling: Does Polycythemia Have an Effect?

1Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Neonatology, 06230 Ankara, Turkey
2Division of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Cebeci, 06230 Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
4Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey
5Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey

Received 22 May 2013; Accepted 24 June 2013

Academic Editors: J. Kobr and W. B. Moskowitz

Copyright © 2013 Erhan Calisici et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) is an inflammatory disorder of adipose tissue. The main risk factors for the development of SCFN are perinatal asphyxia and hypothermia. Presented here is a case of a newborn who developed SCFN in association with polycythemia and hypocalcemia following treatment by passive cooling. Neonates who undergo passive or whole body cooling therapy should be closely monitored for any signs of SCFN.