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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 364657, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/364657
Case Report

Recurrent Bacterial Meningitis in a Child with Mondini Dysplasia

1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Pendik Training and Research Hospital, Marmara University Medical Faculty, Mimar Sinan Cad No. 41, Fevzi Cakmak Mah, Ust kaynarca-Pendik, 34899 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Pendik Training and Research Hospital, Marmara University Medical Faculty, Mimar Sinan Cad No. 41, Fevzi Cakmak Mah, Ust kaynarca-Pendik, 34899 Istanbul, Turkey
3Marmara University Medical Faculty, Department of Medical Microbiology, 34899 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 9 July 2014; Accepted 9 October 2014; Published 6 November 2014

Academic Editor: Nan-Chang Chiu

Copyright © 2014 Eda Kepenekli-Kadayifci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mondini dysplasia, also known as Mondini malformation, is a developmental abnormality of the inner and middle ears that can cause hearing loss, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, and recurrent bacterial meningitis (RBM), which is defined as two or more episodes of meningitis separated by a period of convalescence and the complete resolution of all signs and symptoms. An accurate diagnosis of the underlying pathology is crucial to prevent further episodes from occurring. Herein, we present a three-year-old boy with RBM and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. During the evaluation to determine the etiology of the RBM, cystic malformation in the cochlea and vestibular dilatation consistent with Mondini dysplasia were detected via computerized tomography (CT) of the temporal bone.