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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2015, Article ID 490326, 4 pages
Case Report

Thoracic Block Technique Associated with Positive End-Expiratory Pressure in Reversing Atelectasis

1University Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), São Paulo, Brazil
2Ana Bezerra University Hospital (HUAB/EBSERH) and Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN/FACISA), RN, Brazil

Received 30 December 2014; Revised 4 March 2015; Accepted 11 March 2015

Academic Editor: Larry A. Rhodes

Copyright © 2015 Luciana Carnevalli Pereira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A preschool four-year-old male patient had been admitted to the Mandaqui Hospital with a diagnosis of lobar pneumonia, pleural effusion, and right lung atelectasis. Treatment consisted of antibiotics and physiotherapy sessions, using a technique described in the literature as Insufflation Technique to Reverse Atelectasis (ITRA), which consists of a thoracic block of healthy lung tissue, leaving only the atelectasis area free, associated with the use of invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation with positive airway pressure for reversal of atelectasis. Two physiotherapy sessions were conducted daily. The sessions lasted 20 minutes and were fractionated into four series of five minutes each. Each series bilateral thoracic block was performed for 20 seconds with a pause lasting for the same time. Associated with the thoracic block, a continuous positive airways pressure was used using a facial mask and 7 cm H2O PEEP provided via CPAP. Conclusion. ITRA technique was effective in reversing atelectasis in this patient.