Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2016, Article ID 7987081, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7987081
Case Report

A Case of Polyarteritis Nodosa Associated with Vertebral Artery Vasculitis Treated Successfully with Tocilizumab and Cyclophosphamide

1Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
2Department of Radiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
3Department of Pediatric Immunology, Rheumatology and Infectious Disease, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA

Received 22 October 2015; Accepted 17 December 2015

Academic Editor: Nan-Chang Chiu

Copyright © 2016 Kae Watanabe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. F. Weiss, “Pediatric vasculitis,” Pediatric Clinics of North America, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 407–423, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Ozen, J. Anton, N. Arisoy et al., “Juvenile polyarteritis: results of a multicenter survey of 110 children,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 145, no. 4, pp. 517–522, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Eleftheriou, M. J. Dillon, K. Tullus et al., “Systemic polyarteritis nodosa in the young: a single-center experience over thirty-two years,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 2476–2485, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Pagnoux, R. Seror, C. Henegar et al., “Clinical features and outcomes in 348 patients with polyarteritis nodosa: a systematic retrospective study of patients diagnosed between 1963 and 2005 and entered into the French Vasculitis Study Group database,” Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 616–626, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Toyoda, K. Tsutsumi, T. Hirao et al., “Ruptured intracranial aneurysms in pediatric polyarteritis nodosa: case report,” Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 928–932, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. C. Takahashi, N. Sakai, K. Iihara et al., “Subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured anterior cerebral artery aneurysm caused by polyarteritis nodosa. Case report,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 132–134, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Ozen, A. Pistorio, S. M. Iusan et al., “EULAR/PRINTO/PRES criteria for Henoch-Schönlein purpura, childhood polyarteritis nodosa, childhood Wegener granulomatosis and childhood Takayasu arteritis: Ankara 2008. Part II: final classification criteria,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 798–806, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Hernández-Rodríguez, M. A. Alba, S. Prieto-González, and M. C. Cid, “Diagnosis and classification of polyarteritis nodosa,” Journal of Autoimmunity, vol. 48-49, pp. 84–89, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Sanges, N. Le Gouellec, E. Nedeva, and G. Petyt, “Bilateral femoral periostitis revealing polyarteritis nodosa,” BMJ Case Reports, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. B. G. MacDonald and M. P. Blake, “Periostitis and localized myositis in polyarteritis nodosa,” Clinical Nuclear Medicine, vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 703–705, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Eleftheriou, M. Melo, S. D. Marks et al., “Biologic therapy in primary systemic vasculitis of the young,” Rheumatology, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 978–986, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. N. Elkan, S. B. Pierce, R. Segel et al., “Mutant adenosine deaminase 2 in a polyarteritis nodosa vasculopathy,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 370, no. 10, pp. 921–931, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Carron, I. E. A. Hoffman, L. De Rycke et al., “Case number 34: relapse of polyarteritis nodosa presenting as isolated and localised lower limb periostitis,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 1118–1119, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. J. Short and M. Webley, “Periosteal new bone formation complicating juvenile polyarteritis nodosa,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 325–327, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. M. Astudillo, F. Rigal, B. Couret, and E. Arlet-Suau, “Localized polyarteritis nodosa with periostitis,” Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2758–2759, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. M. Provenzale and N. B. Allen, “Neuroradiologic findings in polyarteritis nodosa,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1119–1126, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. B. Pritz, “Aneurysms of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery,” Acta Neurochirurgica, vol. 120, no. 1-2, pp. 12–19, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Gurion and N. G. Singer, “Tocilizumab in pediatric rheumatology: the clinical experience,” Current Rheumatology Reports, vol. 15, no. 7, article 338, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Murakami and N. Nishimoto, “The value of blocking IL-6 outside of rheumatoid arthritis: current perspective,” Current Opinion in Rheumatology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 273–277, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Iannetti, R. Zito, S. Bruschi et al., “Recent understanding on diagnosis and management of central nervous system vasculitis in children,” Clinical and Developmental Immunology, vol. 2012, Article ID 698327, 9 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus