Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Retracted

Case Reports in Psychiatry has retracted this article. The article was found to contain a substantial amount of material from published articles, some without citation, including the following:

Heimberg RG et al.: Psychometric properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Psychological Medicine, 1999, 29, 199–212 (not cited);

Ayala ES, Meuret AE, Ritz T: Treatments for blood-injury-injection phobia: a critical review of current evidence. J Psychiatr Res. 2009 Oct; 43(15):1235-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.04.008;

Lars-Göran Öst, Ulf Sterner: A specific behavioral method for treatment of blood phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy Volume 25, Issue 1, 1987, Pages 25–29 doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(87)90111-2;

Lars-Göran Öst, Anita Jerremalm, Jan Johansson: Individual response patterns and the effects of different behavioral methods in the treatment of social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy. Volume 19, Issue 1, 1981, Pages 1–16 doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(81)90107-8;

Ryan C. Shorey and Gregory L. Stuart: Manualized Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder: A Case Study. Clin Case Stud. 2012 Feb 1; 11(1): 35–47. doi: 10.1177/1534650112438462 (not cited).

View the original article here.

References

  1. F. Ferenidou, T. Chalimourdas, V. Antonakis, N. Vaidakis, and G. Papadimitriou, “Combined case of blood-injury-injection phobia and social phobia: behavior therapy management and effectiveness through Tilt test,” Case Reports in Psychiatry, vol. 2012, Article ID 368039, 7 pages, 2012.
Case Reports in Psychiatry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 368039, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/368039
Case Report

Combined Case of Blood-Injury-Injection Phobia and Social Phobia: Behavior Therapy Management and Effectiveness through Tilt Test

11st Department of Psychiatry, Eginition Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Vas. Sofias 72, 11528 Athens, Greece
21st Cardiology Clinic, Hippokration Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Vas. Sofias 114, 11527 Athens, Greece

Received 12 November 2012; Accepted 1 December 2012

Academic Editors: J. S. Brar, L. Dell'Osso, F. Jollant, E. Jönsson, and Y. Kaneda

Copyright © 2012 Fotini Ferenidou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. O. J. Bienvenu and W. W. Eaton, “The epidemiology of blood-injection-injury phobia,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1129–1136, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. G. Costello, “Fears and phobias in women: a community study,” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 280–286, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. L. Engel and J. Romano, “Studies of syncope: biologic interpretation of vasodepressor syncope,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 288–294, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  4. D. T. Graham, J. D. Kabler, and L. Lunsford, “Vasovagal fainting: a diphasic response,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 23, pp. 493–507, 1961. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. C. Guyton and J. E. Hall, Textbook of Medical Physiology, Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2005.
  6. L. G. Öst, “Long-term effects of behavior therapy for specific phobia,” in Long-Term Treatment of Anxiety Disorders, M. Mavissakalian and R. Prien, Eds., pp. 121–170, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  7. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association, Arlington, Va, USA, 2000.
  8. T. Ritz, A. E. Meuret, and E. S. Ayala, “The psychophysiology of blood-injection-injury phobia: looking beyond the diphasic response paradigm,” International Journal of Psychophysiology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 50–67, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. Choy, A. J. Fyer, and J. D. Lipsitz, “Treatment of specific phobia in adults,” Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 266–286, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. L. Peterson and J. A. Cigrang, “Management of vasovagal syncope: controlling or aborting faints by leg crossing and muscle tensing,” Circulation, vol. 107, no. 20, article e198, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Ditto, C. R. France, P. Lavoie, M. Roussos, and P. S. J. Adler, “Reducing reactions to blood donation with applied muscle tension: a randomized controlled trial,” Transfusion, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1269–1275, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. Ditto, J. A. Wilkins, C. R. France, P. Lavoie, and P. S. J. Adler, “On-site training in applied muscle tension to reduce vasovagal reactions to blood donation,” Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 53–65, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. T. P. Krediet, N. van Dijk, M. Linzer, J. J. Van Lieshout, and W. Wieling, “Management of vasovagal syncope: controlling or aborting faints by leg crossing and muscle tensing,” Circulation, vol. 106, no. 13, pp. 1684–1689, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. D. J. Ten Harkel, J. J. Van Lieshout, and W. Wieling, “Effects of leg muscle pumping and tensing on orthostatic arterial pressure: a study in normal subjects and patients with autonomic failure,” Clinical Science, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 553–558, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. J. Kozak and G. K. Montgomery, “Multimodal behavioral treatment of recurrent injury-scene-elicited fainting (vasodepressor syncope),” Behavioural Psychotherapy, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 316–321, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. S. Ayala, A. E. Meuret, and T. Ritz, “Treatments for blood-injury-injection phobia: a critical review of current evidence,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 43, no. 15, pp. 1235–1242, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. M. Rapee, “Descriptive psychopathology of social phobia,” in Social Phobia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Treatment, R. G. Heimberg, M. R. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, and F. R. Schneier, Eds., pp. 41–68, Guilford Press, New York, NY, USA, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. C. Kessler, K. A. McGonagle, S. Zhao et al., “Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 8–19, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. J. Magee, W. W. Eaton, H. U. Wittchen, K. A. McGonagle, and R. C. Kessler, “Agoraphobia, simple phobia, and social phobia in the National Comorbidity Survey,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 159–168, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. R. Schneier, J. Johnson, C. D. Hornig, M. R. Liebowitz, and M. M. Weissman, “Social phobia: comorbidity and morbidity in an epidemiologic sample,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 282–288, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. R. Liebowitz, J. M. Gorman, A. J. Fyer, and D. F. Klein, “Social phobia: review of a neglected anxiety disorder,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 729–736, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. J. Cox, D. M. Direnfeld, R. P. Swinson, and G. R. Norton, “Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in panic disorder and social phobia,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 151, no. 6, pp. 882–887, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. F. R. Schneier, L. R. Heckelman, R. Garfinkel et al., “Functional impairment in social phobia,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 322–331, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. A. Safren, R. G. Heimberg, E. J. Brown, and C. Holle, “Quality of life in social phobia,” Depress Anxiety, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 126–133, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  25. D. A. Hope, R. G. Heimberg, and C. L. Turk, Therapist Guide For Managing Social Anxiety: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Approach, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2006.
  26. D. C. Beidel, S. M. Turner, and C. V. Dancu, “Physiological, cognitive and behavioral aspects of social anxiety,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 109–117, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. Roth, M. M. Antony, and R. P. Swinson, “Interpretations for anxiety symptoms in social phobia,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 129–138, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. L. Turk, R. G. Heimberg, and L. Magee, “Social anxiety disorder,” in Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders, D. H. Barlow, Ed., pp. 123–163, Guildford Press, New York, NY, USA, 4th edition, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  29. S. L. Feeney, “The cognitive-behavioral treatment of social phobia,” Clinical Case Studies, vol. 3, pp. 124–146, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  30. I. C. Fedoroff and S. Taylor, “Psychological and pharmacological treatments of social phobia: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 311–324, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  31. R. A. Gould, S. Buckminster, M. H. Pollack, M. W. Otto, and L. Yap, “Cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological treatment for social phobia: a meta-analysis,” Clinical Psychology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 291–306, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. G. Heimberg and R. E. Becker, Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy For Social Phobia: Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Applications, The Guilford Press, New York, NY, USA, 2002.
  33. L. G. Ost, A. Jerremalm, and J. Johansson, “Individual response patterns and the effects of different behavioral methods in the treatment of social phobia,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. D. Spielberger, R. L. Gorsuch, and R. E. Lushene, Manual For the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Self-Evaluation Questionnaire), Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, Calif, USA, 1970.
  35. I. M. Marks and A. M. Mathews, “Brief standard self-rating for phobic patients,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 263–267, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. H. Greist, K. A. Kobak, J. W. Jefferson, D. J. Katzelnick, and R. L. Chene, “The clinical interview,” in Social Phobia: Diagnosis Assessment and Treatment, R. M. Heimberg, D. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, and F. Schneier, Eds., pp. 185–201, Guilford Press, New York, NY, USA, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  37. M. R. Liebowitz, “Social phobia,” Modern Problems of Pharmacopsychiatry, vol. 22, pp. 141–173, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  38. A. T. Beck and R. A. Steer, Manual For the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, Tex, USA, 1990.
  39. http://www.metrohealth.org/body.cfm?id=282.
  40. L. G. Öst, U. Sterner, and J. Fellenius, “Applied tension, applied relaxation, and the combination in the treatment of blood phobia,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 109–121, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. L. G. Ost and U. Sterner, “A specific behavioral method for treatment of blood phobia,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 25–29, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. Cahill and E. Foa, “Anxiety disorders: cognitive-behavioral therapyeds,” in Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, H. I. Kaplan and B. J. Sadock’s, Eds., p. 1794, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 8th edition, 2005. View at Google Scholar