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Case Reports in Psychiatry
Volume 2013, Article ID 617251, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/617251
Case Report

Linezolid Is Associated with Serotonin Syndrome in a Patient Receiving Amitriptyline, and Fentanyl: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Psychiatry, Mental Health Services, Athalassa Psychiatric Hospital, 1452 Nicosia, Cyprus
2Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, 80 Vas. Sofias Avenue, 11528 Athens, Greece

Received 21 January 2013; Accepted 6 February 2013

Academic Editors: J. S. Brar and D. E. Dietrich

Copyright © 2013 Lampros Samartzis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We report a unique case of an adverse interaction between the oxazolidinone antibiotic linezolid, the tricyclic antidepressant amitriptyline and the opioid analgesic fentanyl in a 68-year-old woman with advanced ischemic peripheral arterial disease and sepsis, under empirical antibiotic treatment. We also summarize the current relevant literature as identified via PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO as well as reference sections of selected articles.