Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Psychiatry
Volume 2016, Article ID 7165425, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7165425
Case Report

Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Hypoglycemia Symptoms Improved with Diet Modification

Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine, 1255 Sheppard Avenue E., Toronto, ON, Canada M2K 1E2

Received 14 March 2016; Accepted 26 June 2016

Academic Editor: Fabrice Jollant

Copyright © 2016 Monique Aucoin and Sukriti Bhardwaj. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. L. R. Martin, M. Sainz-Pardo, T. A. Furukawa, E. Martin-Sanchez, T. Seoane, and C. Galan, “Review: benzodiazepines in generalized anxiety disorder: heterogeneity of outcomes based on a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials,” Journal of Psychopharmacology, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 774–782, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. D. Lalonde and R. J. Van Lieshout, “Treating generalized anxiety disorder with second generation antipsychotics,” Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 326–333, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Bandelow, R. J. Boerner, S. Kasper, M. Linden, H.-U. Wittchen, and H.-J. Möller, “The diagnosis and treatment of generalized anxiety disorder,” Deutsches Arzteblatt International, vol. 110, no. 17, pp. 300–310, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. S. Opie, A. O'Neil, C. Itsiopoulos, and F. N. Jacka, “The impact of whole-of-diet interventions on depression and anxiety: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 2074–2093, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. S. Lai, S. Hiles, A. Bisquera, A. J. Hure, M. McEvoy, and J. Attia, “A systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary patterns and depression in community-dwelling adults,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 181–197, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Ruusunen, S. M. Lehto, J. Mursu et al., “Dietary patterns are associated with the prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms and the risk of getting a hospital discharge diagnosis of depression in middle-aged or older Finnish men,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 159, pp. 1–6, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. A. Kulkarni, B. A. Swinburn, and J. Utter, “Associations between diet quality and mental health in socially disadvantaged New Zealand adolescents,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 79–83, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. E. Gangswisch, L. Hale, L. Garcia et al., “High glycemic index diet as a risk factor for depression: analyses from the Women's Health Initiative,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 454–463, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  9. F. Haghighatdoost, L. Azadbakht, A. H. Keshteli et al., “Glycemic index, glycemic load, and common psychological disorders,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 201–209, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. A. Cheatham, S. B. Roberts, S. K. Das et al., “Long-term effects of provided low and high glycemic load low energy diets on mood and cognition,” Physiology and Behavior, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 374–379, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Ingwersen, M. A. Defeyter, D. O. Kennedy, K. A. Wesnes, and A. B. Scholey, “A low glycaemic index breakfast cereal preferentially prevents children's cognitive performance from declining throughout the morning,” Appetite, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 240–244, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Papanikolaou, H. Palmer, M. A. Binns, D. J. A. Jenkins, and C. E. Greenwood, “Better cognitive performance following a low-glycaemic-index compared with a high-glycaemic-index carbohydrate meal in adults with type 2 diabetes,” Diabetologia, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 855–862, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A.-S. Sejling, T. W. Kjær, U. Pedersen-Bjergaard et al., “Hypoglycemia-associated changes in the electroencephalogram in patients with type 1 diabetes and normal hypoglycemia awareness or unawareness,” Diabetes, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 1760–1769, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. J. Paine, L. L. Watkins, J. A. Blumenthal, C. M. Kuhn, and A. Sherwood, “Association of depressive and anxiety symptoms with 24-hour urinary catecholamines in individuals with untreated high blood pressure,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 136–144, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. E. Gold, K. M. MacLeod, B. M. Frier, and I. J. Deary, “Changes in mood during acute hypoglycemia in healthy participants,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 498–504, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Sathyanarayana Rao, M. R. Asha, B. N. Ramesh, and K. S. Jagannatha Rao, “Understanding nutrition, depression and mental illnesses,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 77–82, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. G. I. Papakostas, T. Petersen, D. Mischoulon et al., “Serum folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine in major depressive disorder, part 2: Predictors of relapse during the continuation phase of pharmacotherapy,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 65, no. 8, pp. 1096–1098, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C.-Y. Chang, D.-S. Ke, and J.-Y. Chen, “Essential fatty acids and human brain,” Acta Neurologica Taiwanica, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 231–241, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Huan, K. Hamazaki, Y. Sun et al., “Suicide attempt and n-3 fatty acid levels in red blood cells: a case control study in China,” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 490–496, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K.-P. Su, Y. Matsuoka, and C.-U. Pae, “Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in prevention of mood and anxiety disorders,” Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 129–137, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. W. Barclay, P. Petocz, J. McMillan-Price et al., “Glycemic index, glycemic load, and chronic disease risk—a meta-analysis of observational studies,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 627–637, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus