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Case Reports in Psychiatry
Volume 2017, Article ID 5094608, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5094608
Case Report

Psychopathology Related to Energy Drinks: A Psychosis Case Report

1Department of Psychiatry, Ramon y Cajal University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
2Department of Psychiatry, Henares University Hospital, Coslada, Madrid, Spain
3Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Daniel Hernandez-Huerta; gro.dirdam.dulas@zednanreh.leinad

Received 3 November 2016; Accepted 18 December 2016; Published 2 January 2017

Academic Editor: Philipp Sand

Copyright © 2017 Daniel Hernandez-Huerta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Energy drinks (ED) are nonalcoholic beverages that have caffeine as their most common active substance. The rapid expansion of ED consumption has created concern in the scientific community as well as in the public opinion. We report a psychotic episode probably triggered by ED abuse in a young adult without previous psychotic disorders. We have reviewed the literature regarding the relationship between caffeine, energy drinks, and psychopathology. Few articles have been published about mental health effects of energy drinks and caffeine abuse. Nevertheless, this relationship has been suggested, specifically with anxiety disorders, manic episodes, suicide attempts, psychotic decompensation, and substance use disorder. ED consumption could represent a global public health problem because of the potential severe adverse effects in mental and physical health. To our knowledge, this article is probably the first case of psychosis related to ED abuse in an individual without previous psychotic disorders.