Case Reports in Pulmonology / 2019 / Article / Fig 2

Case Report

Uniportal Subcostal Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery: A Feasible Approach for a Challenging Middle Lobectomy in an Obese Patient

Figure 2

(a) Long curved instruments were recommended to use in subcostal approach. (b) First postoperative day in an obese class II patient with chest tube inserting through subcostal wound. (c) 5 cm subcostal incision after removing chest tube.