Uniportal Subcostal Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery: A Feasible Approach for a Challenging Middle Lobectomy in an Obese Patient
(a) Long curved instruments were recommended to use in subcostal approach. (b) First postoperative day in an obese class II patient with chest tube inserting through subcostal wound. (c) 5 cm subcostal incision after removing chest tube.
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