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Case Reports in Radiology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 148940, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/148940
Case Report

Bilateral Maxillary Sinus Hypoplasia

1Era’s Lucknow Medical College, C-149, Indiranagar, Lucknow 226016, India
2Era’s Lucknow Medical College, Room No. B-14, P.G. Boys’ Hostel, Hardoi Road, Sarfarazganj, Lucknow 226003, India
3Era’s Lucknow Medical College, P.G. Girls’ Hostel, Hardoi Road, Sarfarazganj, Lucknow 226003, India

Received 17 September 2014; Revised 22 November 2014; Accepted 22 November 2014; Published 8 December 2014

Academic Editor: Ruben Dammers

Copyright © 2014 Sachin Khanduri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) is an uncommon abnormality of paranasal sinuses noted in clinical practice. Computed tomography (CT) scan helps in diagnosing the anomaly along with any anatomical variation that may be associated with it. MSH is usually associated with other anomalies like uncinate process hypoplasia. Three types of MSH have been described. Type 1 MSH shows mild maxillary sinus hypoplasia, type 2 shows significant sinus hypoplasia with narrowed infundibular passage and hypoplastic or absent uncinate process, and type 3 is cleft like maxillary sinus hypoplasia with absent uncinate process. CT and endoscopic examination usually complement each other in diagnosing MSH.