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Case Reports in Radiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 2407219, 6 pages
Case Report

MRI Findings of Syndrome of Acute Bilateral Symmetrical Basal Ganglia Lesions in Diabetic Uremia: A Case Report and Literature Review

1Medical College, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China
2Medical College, Taishan Medical University, Tai’an, Shandong 271000, China
3Department of Medical Imaging, Qianfoshan Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China

Received 18 April 2016; Accepted 22 June 2016

Academic Editor: Samer Ezziddin

Copyright © 2016 Xin Cao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The syndrome of acute bilateral basal ganglia lesions is an uncommon clinical occurrence exhibiting acute onset of movement abnormalities, which can be seen almost exclusively among patients with chronic renal failure, especially in the setting of concurrent diabetes mellitus. Symmetrical lesions located in basal ganglia demonstrated in MRI are typical manifestation of this syndrome. Our study includes routine MRI examination, MRS, 3D-ASL, and SWI findings, which have been rarely reported and will contribute to diagnosing more cases about this syndrome.