Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Radiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 7040352, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7040352
Case Report

Multiple Brain Abscesses due to Streptococcus anginosus: Prediction of Mortality by an Imaging Severity Index Score

Department of Radiology, University of Louisville, 530 S. S. Jackson Street, CCB C07, Louisville, KY 40202, USA

Received 17 October 2015; Revised 31 January 2016; Accepted 1 February 2016

Academic Editor: Amit Agrawal

Copyright © 2016 K. O. Kragha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. B. Nguyen, B. R. Black, M. M. Leimkuehler, V. Halder, J. V. Nguyen, and N. Ahktar, “Intracranial pyogenic abscess: imaging diagnosis utilizing recent advances in computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging,” Critical Reviews in Computed Tomography, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 181–224, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. J. Rath, M. Hughes, M. Arabi, and G. V. Shah, “Imaging of cerebritis, encephalitis, and brain abscess,” Neuroimaging Clinics of North America, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 585–607, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. K. Demir, T. Hakan, G. Kilicoglu et al., “Bacterial brain abscesses: prognostic value of an imaging severity index,” Clinical Radiology, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 564–572, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Fuentes, P. Bouillot, J. Regis, G. Lena, and M. Choux, “Management of brain stem abscess,” British Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 57–62, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. C. Hughes, A. Raghavan, S. R. Mordekar, P. D. Griffiths, and D. J. A. Connolly, “Role of imaging in the diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis and its complications,” Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 86, no. 1018, pp. 478–485, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Yamamoto, T. Fukushima, K. Hirakawa, H. Kimura, and M. Tomonaga, “Treatment of bacterial brain abscess by repeated aspiration—follow up by serial computed tomography,” Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 98–105, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. A. Petti, K. E. Simmon, J. Bender et al., “Culture-negative intracerebral abscesses in children and adolescents from Streptococcus anginosus group infection: a case series,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 1578–1580, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. Seydoux and P. Francioli, “Bacterial brain abscesses: factors influencing mortality and sequelae,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 394–401, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Ebisu, C. Tanaka, M. Umeda et al., “Discrimination of brain abscess from necrotic or cystic tumors by diffusion-weighted echo planar imaging,” Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1113–1116, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. B. Haimes, R. D. Zimmerman, S. Morgello et al., “MR imaging of brain abscesses,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 152, no. 5, pp. 1073–1085, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Bükte, Y. Paksoy, E. Genç, and A. U. Uca, “Role of diffusion-weighted MR in differential diagnosis of intracranial cystic lesions,” Clinical Radiology, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 375–383, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. D. Eastwood, R. T. Vollmer, and J. M. Provenzale, “Diffusion-weighted imaging in a patient with vertebral and epidural abscesses,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 496–498, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S.-C. Chang, P.-H. Lai, W.-L. Chen et al., “Diffusion-weighted MRI features of brain abscess and cystic or necrotic brain tumors. Comparison with conventional MRI,” Clinical Imaging, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 227–236, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. G. Jorens, P. M. Parizel, H. E. Demey et al., “Meningoencephalitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Diagnosis with diffusion-weighted MRI leading to treatment with corticosteroids,” Neuroradiology, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 758–764, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Weingarten, R. D. Zimmerman, R. D. Becker, L. A. Heier, A. B. Haimes, and M. D. F. Deck, “Subdural and epidural empyemas: MR imaging,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 152, no. 3, pp. 615–621, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. L. Bernays, S. S. Kollias, and Y. Yonekawa, “Dynamic changes during evacuation of a left temporal abscess in open MRI: technical case report,” Neuroradiology, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 438–442, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P.-H. Lai, S.-S. Hsu, S.-W. Ding et al., “Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and diffusion-weighted imaging in intracranial cystic mass lesions,” Surgical Neurology, vol. 68, supplement 1, pp. S25–S36, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. H. Lai, J. T. Ho, W. L. Chen et al., “Brain abscess and necrotic brain tumor: discrimination with proton MR spectroscopy and diffusion-weighted imaging,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1369–1377, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. Luthra, A. Parihar, K. Nath et al., “Comparative evaluation of fungal, tubercular, and pyogenic brain abscesses with conventional and diffusion MR imaging and proton MR spectroscopy,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 1332–1338, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. B. Fukui, R. L. Williams, and S. Mudigonda, “CT and MR imaging features of pyogenic ventriculitis,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1510–1516, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Gray, “Streptococcus anginosus group: clinical significance of an important group of pathogens,” Clinical Microbiology Newsletter, vol. 27, no. 20, pp. 155–159, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Simone, G. Rubini, A. Conti et al., “Streptococcus anginosus group disseminated infection: case report and literature review,” Infezioni in Medicina, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 145–154, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Sim and D. A. R. Watson, “Pyogenic brain abscess due to Streptococcus anginosus,” The Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 202, no. 5, article 271, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. M. Yassin, G. K. Yadavalli, N. Alvarado, and R. A. Bonomo, “Streptococcus anginosus (Streptococcus milleri group) Pyomyositis in a 50-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: case report and review of literature,” Infection, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 65–68, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. C. Y. Woo, H. Tse, K.-M. Chan et al., “‘Streptococcus milleri’ endocarditis caused by Streptococcus anginosus,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 81–88, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Carpenter, S. Stapleton, and R. Holliman, “Retrospective analysis of 49 cases of brain abscess and review of the literature,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. Zhang, B. Xie, F. D. Shi, and J. Hao, “Multiple intracranial arteritis and hypothyroidism secondary to Streptococcus anginosus infection,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 86, no. 9, pp. 1044–1045, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. S. Esposito, S. Bosis, E. Dusi, C. Cinnante, and N. Principi, “Brain abscess due to Streptococcus intermedius in a 3-year-old child,” Pediatrics International, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1104–1105, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. A. Kirkman, H. Donaldson, and K. O'Neill, “Multiple intracranial abscesses due to Streptococcus anginosus in a previously well individual,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 83, no. 12, pp. 1231–1232, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus