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Case Reports in Radiology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9393462, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9393462
Case Report

Superinfection of a Dead Hepatic Echinococcal Cyst with a Cutaneous Fistulization

1Section of Radiological Sciences, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Policlinico “G. Martino”, Via Consolare Valeria 1, 98100 Messina, Italy
2Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Silvio Mazziotti; ti.eminu@ittoizzams

Received 8 June 2017; Revised 6 September 2017; Accepted 26 September 2017; Published 18 October 2017

Academic Editor: Atsushi Komemushi

Copyright © 2017 Giuseppe Cicero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE), also known as “hydatid disease” (HD), is a zoonotic infection caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, which infects humans as intermediate hosts through the orofecal route. Carried by the intestinal venous blood, the embryos released by the eggs of the tapeworms can reach every organ, especially the liver, turning into a hydatid cyst. Usually asymptomatic, the cysts can be incidentally detected through radiological examinations performed for other reasons. We show an unusual case of superinfection of a hydatid cyst with typical radiological features of inactivity (WHO-type CE5) with an even rarer skin fistulization passing through a subcutaneous-abdominal abscess involving the right iliac muscle.