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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2012, Article ID 953195, 3 pages
Case Report

Rare Hepatic Arterial Anatomic Variants in Patients Requiring Pancreatoduodenectomy and Review of the Literature

1Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9155, USA
2Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8896, USA

Received 2 April 2012; Accepted 21 June 2012

Academic Editors: M. Nikfarjam, K. Okuda, and J. M. Strzelczyk

Copyright © 2012 Smita Ramanadham et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Normal hepatic arterial anatomy occurs in approximately 50–80% of cases; for the remaining cases, multiple variations have been described. Knowledge of these anomalies is especially important in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery in order to avoid unnecessary complications. We describe two cases of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy for abnormalities in the head of the pancreas. Preoperative contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging demonstrated relevant, rare hepatic arterial variants: (1) a completely replaced hepatic arterial system with a gastroduodenal artery (GDA) arising directly from the celiac axis and (2) a replaced right hepatic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery and traveling anterior to the pancreatic uncinate process and head. These findings were confirmed during pancreatoduodenectomy. Both of these variants have been rarely described with an incidence of <1.0%. In the present paper, we describe the hepatic arterial anomalies commonly encountered and clarify the important details associated with these variants as they pertain to pancreatoduodenectomy.