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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 985454, 2 pages
Case Report

Extreme Achalasia Presenting as Anorexia Nervosa

Division of Surgery, Stepping Hill Hospital, Poplar Gove, Hazel Grove, Stockport SK2 7JE, UK

Received 13 July 2012; Accepted 18 September 2012

Academic Editors: S. H. Ein, I. K. Komenaka, and Y. Rino

Copyright © 2012 P. J. Goldsmith and B. Decadt. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Achalasia may lead to cachexia if not diagnosed in an early stage. Surgery in cachectic patients is hazardous and complications may result in a protracted recovery or even death. Different treatment options have been described. In this paper, we report a stepwise surgical laparoscopic approach which appears to be safe and effective. Methods. Over a one-year period, a patient with a body mass index (BMI) below 17 being treated for anorexia nervosa was referred with dysphagia. Because of the extreme cachexia, a laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy (LFJ) was fashioned to enable long-term home enteral feeding. The patient underwent a laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) when the BMI was normal. Results. The patient recovered well following this stepwise approach. Conclusion. Patients with advanced achalasia usually present with extreme weight loss. In this small group of patients, a period of home enteral nutrition (HEN) via a laparoscopically placed feeding jejunostomy allows weight gain prior to safe definitive surgery.