Case Reports in Surgery / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Case Report

Asymptomatic Bone Cement Pulmonary Embolism after Vertebroplasty: Case Report and Literature Review

Table 1

Case reports and series of patients with asymptomatic pulmonary embolism after vertebroplasty, from PubMed database, queries: “complication of vertebroplasty,” “bone cement pulmonary embolism” (modified and ampliated from [7]).

AuthorsNo. of asymptomatic pulmonary embolismProcedure and indicationsTherapy

Grados et al., 2000 [10]1/40 (2.5%)PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Bernhard et al., 2003 [11]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Pleser et al., 2004 [12]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureHeparin + warfarin for 6 months
Seo et al., 2005 [13]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureOperative embolectomy
Baumann et al., 2006 [14]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureWarfarin for 3 months
Freitag et al., 2006 [15]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureWarfarin for 6 months
MacTaggart et al., 2006 [16]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Neuwirth et al., 2006 [17]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Walz et al., 2006 [18]1/57 (2%)PVP, osteoporotic fractureNo anticoagulation
Quesada and Mutlu, 2006 [19]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Abdul-Jalil et al., 2007 [20]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureLow dose heparin
Serra et al., 2007 [21]3/175 (2%)PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Schneider and Plit, 2007 [22]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Yeo et al., 2009 [23]18/119 (15%)PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Venmans et al., 2008 [24]11/299 (3%)PVP, osteoporotic fractureNot reported
Venmans et al., 2010 [25]14/54 (26%)PVP, variousNot reported
Fornell-Pérez et al., 2010 [26]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureClinical observation
Nesnídal et al., 2010 [27]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureClinical observation
Dash and Brinster, 2011 [2]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureOpen heart surgery
Luetmer et al., 2011 [28]22/244 (9%)PVP, various Clinical observation
Tourtier and Cottez, 2012 [29]1PVP, osteoporotic fractureClinical observation

Total84 casesPVP, osteoporotic
fracture (100%)
47% not reported
19% clinical observation
9% warfarin alone
5% heparin alone
5% heparin + warfarin
5% open heart surgery
5% embolectomy
5% no anticoagulation

PVP: percutaneous vertebroplasty.