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Case Reports in Transplantation
Volume 2017, Article ID 2426859, 3 pages
Case Report

Angiosarcoma Developing in an Arteriovenous Fistula after Kidney Transplantation

1Department of Nephrology, Xerencia de Xestión Integrada A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain
2Department of Pathological Anatomy, Xerencia de Xestión Integrada A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Bruna Natacha Leite Costa; moc.liamtoh@atsoc.ahcatan

Received 5 April 2017; Revised 5 June 2017; Accepted 2 July 2017; Published 6 August 2017

Academic Editor: Mohammed Rafique Moosa

Copyright © 2017 Bruna Natacha Leite Costa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


After transplantation, the main concerns involve immunosuppression, the prevention and treatment of infections and graft rejection, and tumor prevention. Sometimes the complications that may appear in the arteriovenous fistula are neglected following kidney transplantation. This is the reason why we are presenting the case of an angiosarcoma developing in an arteriovenous fistula after kidney transplantation. It is a very rare case and our goal is to create an alarm so that after kidney transplantation clinicians do not lose sight of the patients’ previous history.